Many works have been written on Scouting worldwide, but most of them were centered in a particular country or moment of history. This book, based on the first existing academic research on world scouting, explains in a very comprehensible and entertaining way the main characteristics of (boy and girl) Scouting, the largest youth movement in the planet, existing in more than 170 countries of the five continents. Using new data and storytelling, the work covers the main elements that distinguish the scout movement over the world, and explains its origins, evolution, structure and recognition policy, operating system, and the soundness of its values and its commitment with global citizenship.
Foreword, by Dr. Joseph P. Farrell
Chapter 1. One Hundred years of Transforming the Future
1. The Precedents of World Scouting (1907-1920)
1.1. An Idea, a Book, and How They Came About
1.2. Scouting in Britain and its Spontaneous Internationalization
1.3. Peace and the Ideal of the League Nations
2. The Historical Development of Scouting Worldwide
2.1. The Period under the Leadership of Robert Baden-Powell
2.2. The Globalization of Scouting
3. Evolution of the WOSM Censuses (1924-2004)
4. World Scouting in the Twenty-first Century: Some Numbers
Chapter 2. An Ideal, A Movement, An Organization
1. Essential Characteristics of Scouting
1.1. Definition (What It Is)
1.2. Purpose (Why It Does Exists) and Principles (Values on Which It Is Based)
1.3. Educational Method
2. A Highly Intuitive Educational Movement
2.1. More a Network Movement than an Organization
2.2. The Educational Impact and the «Magic» of Scouting
3. How the Organization Works: Town, Country, and World
3.1. The Local Group and the National Association
3.2. When a Country Has More than One Association
3.3. World Organization(s) and Global Belonging
3.4. The Gender Approach: WOSM and WAGGGS Separated … Forever?
4. Recognition and Belonging
4.1. Relevance of the Recognition Policy
4.2. Differentiating between What Is and Is Not Scouting
4.3. Religion, Culture, Tradition: Motives for Split in Scouting
Chapter 3. «Glocal» Citizenship Education
1. Citizenship Education and Scouting
1.1. What Does to Educate Citizens Mean?
1.2. The Assumptions of «Citizenship» in Scouting
1.3. Values to Perpetuate Society versus Values to Transform Society
2. Consistency and Incoherencies in a Global Movement
2.1. Scouting in the United States: Controversies and Culture War
2.2. Spiritual Dimension and Dependence from Denomination
2.3. Social Values, Cultural Change, and Critical Thinking
3. Local Rooting, National Belonging, and Global Commitment
3.1. Peace Culture, Human Rights, and Community Development
3.2. Legitimizing International Institutions
Appendix: Countries and Territories Belonging to World Scouting (WOSM & WAGGGS, 2011)
“The twenty-first century could aptly be termed the century of learning and teaching in that those will be the definitive social processes to determine the fate of humanity as we face growing environmental, political, demographic, or economic global challenges.
Prof. Fernando Reimers
Ford Foundation Professor of International Education, Harvard Graduate School of Education
“The research which Eduard Vallory has produced is not just exceptional, it is unique, because it is the first ever written academic study on World Scouting, both in its origin, evolution, and globality. This book thus fills a great void.
Dr. Jacques Moreillon
Secretary General of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (1988-2004), former Director General of the International Committee of the Red Cross.
“Eduard Vallory has written an impressively researched and eminently readable account of the positive contribution Scouting and Guiding has made to the modern world. All those involved and interested in the development of young women and men into responsible world citizens will find this book invaluable and inspiring.”
Chief Executive, World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (1997-2006)
“This book shows that the diversity of the Scout movement makes it one of the biggest multicultural and multidenominational world networks for education and joint action with young people.
Prof. Federico Mayor Zaragoza
Director-General of the UNESCO (1987-1999); Chairman of the Foundation for a Culture of Peace.
“I have just finished reading Eduard Vallory’s excellent new book. It is quite possibly the best discourse on World Scouting and non-formal education I have ever had the good fortune to read.
Vice-Chairman of the World Scout Committee, Secretary General of the Duke of Edinburgh’s International Award for Young People.
This is a groundbreaking and unique book. Those are words which can seldom be used honestly in referring to a new book. In this case they are well justified.
This is a masterful book on the history of World Scouting. Vallory has managed to capture the main features of the worldwide spread of this voluntary educational movement over a century, through the course of two World Wars, many smaller conflicts, the “cold war” and its aftermath, and the eras of European colonization of much of the world, and then de-colonization and the establishment of myriad new nations, all in a relatively brief text. Vallory is excellent at pulling together the various strands of a very complicated history covering just over a century, in a manner which is readable and clear. He highlights and outlines the main tendencies and tensions without getting dragged down in endless details; but does offer telling “details” at just the right point to illustrate the main story he is developing. And the footnotes are quite helpful in guiding the reader who may have a great interest in some particular detail to a deeper level of literature. (…)
This work is a monumental contribution to the ongoing debates in comparative and international education, and other social science and educational fields as well, over issues such as “globalization” and “localization” or cross-cultural institutional transfer. … As Vallory amply demonstrates, “scouting” is everywhere “local” yet everywhere “global”, always identifiably “scouting.” For students of comparative and international education there is much of great value here to ponder over and learn from. (…)
Given its global scope it is obvious that world scouting exists and thrives in all such societies, and develops within them (among its members at least) as well a consciousness of “belonging” or “citizenship” in a global community as well. It is in discussing how this came about, how scouting could develop, implant and maintain its vision of global citizenship across such varied cultural/historical terrain that Vallory’s work really stands out. This is ultimately a story of subtle international diplomacy at one level with local level work at another level. It is a very complex and conflict-ridden tale which is very well told in this book, and well worth pondering for anyone who is seriously interested in trying to find ways in which the varied people of this planet can learn to live together peacefully.
Since this book is the first systematic scholarly study of the vast terrain of World Scouting, there are many questions which beg for further study. But that is a function of a groundbreaking work such as this. Now that the ground has been broken there are myriad furrows to plow, and fields to sow and harvest. That is for the future. Here it is enough to have begun, and done so very well indeed.
Joseph P. Farrell
Professor emeritus, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (University of Toronto). Past President, Comparative and International Education Society.